1. What effect does acid rain have on trees and soil?
How Acid Rain Harms Trees
A spring shower in the forest washes leaves and falls through the trees to the forest floor below. Some of the water soaks into the soil. Some trickles over the ground and runs into a stream, river or lake. That soil may neutralize some or all of the acidity of the acid rainwater. This ability of the soil to resist some pH change is called buffering capacity. A buffer resists changes in pH. Without buffering capacity, soil pH would change rapidly. Midwestern states like Nebraska and Indiana have soils that are well buffered. Places in the mountainous northeast, like New York's Adirondack Mountains, have soils that are less able to buffer acids. Since there are many natural sources of acid in forest soils, soils in these areas are more susceptible to effects from acid rain.
2. How does the effect of acid rain on trees and soil affect us?
It will sustain us from having paper, and our soil will not grow good crops.
3. What happens when lakes and aquatic systems become acidic?
When lakes and aquatic systems become acidic it can be very dangerous for the survival of many aquatic species. The fish are unable to take in oxygen, salt and nutrients to stay alive. Acid in the water causes mucus to form in their gills, which prevents the fish form absorbing oxygen. If mucus increases, the fish suffocate. There is also poor reproduction or their eggs are too weak or too fragile. Acid rain causes many fish to die.
The aquatic systems are greatly affected in our area, due to acid rain and the chemicals in the snow released into the soils.
4. How does acidic water systems affect us?
Constant vigilance, research, and new investment are essential. Some drinking water may contain lead or dangerous levels of arsenic. Private wells, like municipal water supplies, need regular monitoring. Keeping the water and supply safe is am on going concern of the government—and of the people.
5. Are the aquatic systems in our area being affected by acid rain? If yes, to what extent?
No they are not.
6. What are the danger signs of the effect of acid rain on aquatic systems?
Dead animals, fish floating around, the water will be nasty and dirty looking. Stuff out of the ordinary.